Dieser ist einer der ersten Götter überhaupt, die aus dem Chaos entstanden ist, eine seiner Geschwister ist Gaia. The two fought a cataclysmic battle, which Zeus finally won with the aid of his thunderbolts. Typhon is named after the monster in greek mythology, Typhon. In the versions of the battle given by Hesiod, Aeschylus and Pindar, Zeus' defeat of Typhon is straightforward, however a more involved version of the battle is given by Apollodorus. [19] Aeschylus calls Typhon "fire-breathing". [163] They, like their younger brother Typhon after them, challenged Zeus for supremacy of the cosmos,[164] were (in later representations) shown as snake-footed,[165] and end up buried under volcanos. [141], From at least as early as Pindar, and possibly as early as Homer and Hesiod (with their references to the Arimoi and Arima), Typhon's birthplace and battle with Zeus were associated with various Near East locales in Cilicia and Syria, including the Corycian Cave, Mount Kasios, and the Orontes River. Each of Typhon's head had flame shooting from its mouth, eyes, and nostrils, and each mouth had its own horrific voice. (Weitergeleitet von Set-Typhon) Seth (auch Set, Setech, Sutech; Variante Wedja) ist eine sehr ambivalente altägyptische Gottheit, deren Bedeutung nicht völlig geklärt ist. The most elaborate description of Typhon is found in Nonnus's Dionysiaca. [47] The Harpies, in Hesiod the daughters of Thaumas and the Oceanid Electra,[48] in one source, are said to be the daughters of Typhon. Zeus' apparently easy victory over Typhon in Hesiod, in contrast to other accounts of the battle (see below), is consistent with, for example, what Fowler 2013, Perhaps this was supposed to be the same sickle which Cronus used to castrate. Gaia vereinte sich mit dem Tartaros, um sich für die Niederlage ihrer Kinder, der Titanen und Giganten, an Zeus zu rächen. In one version, Tarhunna seeks help from the goddess Inara, who lures Illuyanka from his lair with a banquet, thereby enabling Tarhunna to surprise and kill Illuyanka. The whole earth seethed, and sky and sea: and the long waves raged along the beaches round and about at the rush of the deathless gods: and there arose an endless shaking. Typhon floh nach Sizilien und Zeus warf den Ätna auf Typhon. TYPHON (mythologie) — TYPHON, mythologie Dans la mythologie grecque, ce fils cadet de Gaia (la Terre) et du Tartare était un monstre effroyable qui avait cent têtes de dragon pour doigts et était si gigantesque que son crâne touchait aux étoiles. [35] First, according to Hesiod, there was Orthrus,[36] the two-headed dog who guarded the Cattle of Geryon, second Cerberus,[37] the multiheaded dog who guarded the gates of Hades, and third the Lernaean Hydra,[38] the many-headed serpent who, when one of its heads was cut off, grew two more. Typhon was (from c. 500 BC) also identified with the Egyptian god of destruction Set. [58], Epimenides (7th or 6th century BC) seemingly knew a different version of the story, in which Typhon enters Zeus' palace while Zeus is asleep, but Zeus awakes and kills Typhon with a thunderbolt. One of his hands reached out to the west and the other to the east, and from them projected a hundred dragons' heads. [11], The b scholia to Iliad 2.783, preserving a possibly Orphic tradition, has Typhon born in Cilicia, as the offspring of Cronus. [154] In both of these versions, Tarhunna suffers an initial defeat against Illuyanka. In stories, Typhon often ap… Penglase, pp. Irgendwann nahm Zeus seine ursprüngliche Gestalt an und stellte sich Typhon zum Kampf. His strength restored, Zeus chased Typhon to mount Nysa, where the Moirai tricked Typhon into eating "ephemeral fruits" which weakened him. Sein Unterleib endete in zwei mächtigen Schlangenleibern anstelle der Beine. Typhon ist als Sohn der Gaia und des Tartaros eine Gestalt der griechischen Mythologie.Gaia vereinte sich mit dem Tartaros, um sich für die Niederlage ihrer Kinder, der Titanen und Giganten, an Zeus [..] Quelle: de.wikipedia.org: 6: 0 0. typhon. Die Araber erweiterten diesen Begriff um die tropischen Wirbelstürme im indischen Ozean, woraus sich wahrscheinlich der heutige Begriff Taifun ableitet. [99] In Prometheus Bound, Typhon is imprisoned underneath Etna, while above him Hephaestus "hammers the molten ore", and in his rage, the "charred" Typhon causes "rivers of fire" to pour forth. Die späthellenistischen Griechen setzten Typhon mit dem ägyptischen Gott Seth gleich. [84] Cadmus then tells Typhon that, if he liked the "little tune" of his pipes, then he would love the music of his lyre – if only it could be strung with Zeus' sinews. De Typhon het bi de Arimer mit de Schlangefrau Echidna vill Uughüür zügt, nämmli de Traach Ladon, d Wasserschlange Hydra, wo vom Herakles umbroocht woren isch, d Gorgone, d Chimaira, de Höllehund Kerberos und de Orthos, d Sphinx, d Skylla und anderi mee. Il fut vaincu par… … According to Percy, Typhon was gigantic enough to use the Empire State Building as a baseball bat, and had blisters the size of buildings, clawed … Besides the similarity of names, their shared parentage, and the fact that both were snaky monsters killed in single combat with an Olympian god, there are other connections between the stories surrounding Typhon, and those surrounding Python. These myths are usually considered to be the origins of the myth of Zeus's battle with Typhon. Ninety-nine other, smaller heads of every beast imaginable, covered the Typhon's body and spewed molten lava and red-hot rocks from their mouths. [49], The sea serpents which attacked the Trojan priest Laocoön, during the Trojan War, were perhaps supposed to be the progeny of Typhon and Echidna. [159] Such a story arose perhaps as a way for the Greeks to explain Egypt's animal-shaped gods. However Zeus is then confronted with one final adversary, Typhon, which he quickly defeats. Im entstehenden Kampfgemenge konnte Typhon den Zeus mit seinen zahlreichen Armen so umschlingen, dass er ihm schließlich die Sichel, die schon den Uranos entmannt hatte, entwenden konnte. Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; Search depicted; Subcategories. Typhon (altgriechisch Τυφῶν .mw-parser-output .Latn{font-family:"Akzidenz Grotesk","Arial","Avant Garde Gothic","Calibri","Futura","Geneva","Gill Sans","Helvetica","Lucida Grande","Lucida Sans Unicode","Lucida Grande","Stone Sans","Tahoma","Trebuchet","Univers","Verdana"}Typhṓn, auch Τυφωεύς Typhōeús, Τυφάων Typháōn) ist als Sohn der Gaia und des Tartaros ein Mischwesen der griechischen Mythologie. Typhon ist ein Ungeheuer mit hundert Drachenköpfen. [134] [77] Immediately Typhon extends "his clambering hands into the upper air" and begins a long and concerted attack upon the heavens. Lycophron has both Typhon and Giants buried under the island of Ischia. And flame shot forth from the thunderstricken lord in the dim rugged glens of the mount, when he was smitten. Three related god vs. monster combat myths from Mesopotamia, date from at least the early second-millennium BC or earlier. West 1966, pp. Es gelang Typhon, Zeus mit seinen zahlreichen Armen s… 1 Mythologie 2 Galerie 3 Quellen Gaia war wütend auf die Olympier, da diese ihre Kinder, die Titanen in den Tartaros verbannten und auch die Giganten besiegten. [42] The lyric poet Lasus of Hermione (6th century BC) adds the Sphinx. Now clearly the supreme power in the cosmos, Zeus is elected king of gods. [85] So Typhon retrieves the sinews and gives them to Cadmus, who hides them in another cave, and again begins to play his bewitching pipes, so that "Typhoeus yielded his whole soul to Cadmos for the melody to charm". Description. [110] Several locales, Cilicia, Syria, Lydia, and the island of Ischia, all places associated with Typhon, are given by Strabo as possible locations for Homer's "Arimoi". And through the two of them heat took hold on the dark-blue sea, through the thunder and lightning, and through the fire from the monster, and the scorching winds and blazing thunderbolt. His main head was that of an ass, with razor-sharp teeth and venom that flowed from his eyes. Typhon and his mate Echidna were the progenitors of many famous monsters. He was imprisoned under Mount Etna, resulting in him gaining a massive headache lasting centuries, during which he sought revenge on Zeus. Typhon (Greek: Τυφῶν) or Typhoeus/Typhaon/Typhos (Greek: Τυφωεύς, Τυφάων, Τυφώς), was a monstrous serpentine giant and one of the deadliest creatures in Greek mythology.He was the last son of Gaia, as well as the god of storms and monsters.. Typhon and his mate Echidna were the progenitors of many famous monsters. [72] No early source gives any reason for the conflict, but Apollodorus' account seemingly implies that Typhon had been produced by Gaia to avenge the destruction, by Zeus and the other gods, of the Giants, a previous generation of offspring of Gaia. [104] The Hesiodic Shield of Heracles names a mountain near Thebes Typhaonium, perhaps reflecting an early tradition which also had Typhon buried under a Boeotian mountain. Mythologie; Drache; Stub; Typhon. A great part of huge earth was scorched by the terrible vapor and melted as tin melts when heated by men's art in channelled crucibles; or as iron, which is hardest of all things, is shortened by glowing fire in mountain glens and melts in the divine earth through the strength of Hephaestus. Typhon steht für: eine Gestalt aus der griechischen Mythologie, siehe Typhon . [136] Delphyne and Echidna, besides both being intimately connected to Typhon—one as mother, the other as mate—share other similarities. Once the famous Cilician cave nurtured him, but now the sea-girt cliffs above Cumae, and Sicily too, lie heavy on his shaggy chest. [67], Like Pindar, Nicander has all the gods, but Zeus and Athena, transform into animal forms and flee to Egypt: Apollo became a hawk, Hermes an ibis, Ares a fish, Artemis a cat, Dionysus a goat, Heracles a fawn, Hephaestus an ox, and Leto a mouse. [171], This article is about Typhon in Greek mythology. [108], But neither Homer nor Hesiod say anything more about where these Arimoi or this Arima might be. Er wurde als unbeschreiblich grässliches Ungeheuer, als himmelhoher Riese mit zahlreichen Drachen- und Schlangenköpfen vorgestellt, die entweder seinen Haaren, seinen Schultern oder seinen Händen entwuchsen und in der Sprache der Götter und vieler Tiere sprechen konnten. [82] Cadmus, desguised as a shepherd, enchants Typhon by playing the panpipes, and Typhon entrusting the thuderbolts to Gaia, sets out to find the source of the music he hears. But when Zeus had conquered him and lashed him with strokes, Typhoeus was hurled down, a maimed wreck, so that the huge earth groaned. [135], Although the Delphic monster killed by Apollo is usually said to be the male serpent Python, in the Homeric Hymn to Apollo, the earliest account of this story, the god kills a nameless she-serpent (drakaina), subsequently called Delphyne, who had been Typhon's foster-mother. In seiner Wut ließ er den Ätna immer wieder erbeben sowie Feuer und Gestein spucken. 276–278. 18–19; West 1997, pp. [97], Many subsequent accounts mention either Etna[98] or Ischia. Typhon carried the disabled Zeus across the sea to the Corycian cave in Cilicia where he set the she-serpent Delphyne to guard over Zeus and his severed sinews, which Typhon had hidden in a bearskin. Through the mist, Typhon appears to mortals as a massive freak storm and tornadoes that tear apart everything in their path. Trypanis, C. A., Gelzer, Thomas; Whitman, Cedric, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 20:17. According to Hesiod's Theogony (c. 8th – 7th century BC), Typhon was the son of Gaia (Earth) and Tartarus: "when Zeus had driven the Titans from heaven, huge Earth bore her youngest child Typhoeus of the love of Tartarus, by the aid of golden Aphrodite". Hera ist über Zeus erzürnt, der ohne ihre Beteiligung und Mutterschaft die Göttin Athene aus seinem Kopf geboren hat. Typhon also known as the Father of All Monsters, was the most powerful of the Titans who tried to conquer the world but he was challenged by Zeus and then beaten by Hera when she hurled a lightning bolt at one of Typhon's nostrils. Typhon can be considered both a god and a monster. From the thighs downward he had huge coils of vipers, which when drawn out, reached to his very head and emitted a loud hissing. [132] The Hesiodic succession myth describes how Uranus, the original ruler of the cosmos, hid his offspring away inside Gaia, but was overthrown by his Titan son Cronus, who castrated Uranus, and how in turn, Cronus, who swallowed his children as they were born, was himself overthrown by his son Zeus, whose mother had given Cronus a stone wrapped in swaddling clothes to swallow, in place of Zeus. [79] Finally Typhon attempts to wield Zeus' thunderbolts, but they "felt the hands of a novice, and all their manly blaze was unmanned. Typhon wurde von einem Blitz des Zeus getroffen und floh zum Berg Kasion - dort kam es erneut zum Kampf. [20] For Nicander (2nd century BC), Typhon was a monster of enormous strength, and strange appearance, with many heads, hands, and wings, and with huge snake coils coming from his thighs.[21]. Finally, by swallowing his first wife Metis, who was destined to produce a son stronger than himself, Zeus is able to put an end to the cycle of succession. deadly monster of Greek mythology. In the other version Illuyanka steals the heart and eyes of the defeated god, but Tarhunna’s son marries a daughter of Illuyanka and is able to retrieve Tarhunna’s stolen body parts, whereupon Tarhunna kills Illuyanka. And there were voices in all his dreadful heads which uttered every kind of sound unspeakable; for at one time they made sounds such that the gods understood, but at another, the noise of a bull bellowing aloud in proud ungovernable fury; and at another, the sound of a lion, relentless of heart; and at another, sounds like whelps, wonderful to hear; and again, at another, he would hiss, so that the high mountains re-echoed. Such a creature is bound beneath the dark and leafy heights of Aetna and beneath the plain, and his bed scratches and goads the whole length of his back stretched out against it. The early second millennium BC Akkadian epic Anzu tells the story of another combat of Ninurta with a monstrous challenger. To demigods (who are immune or highly resistant to the Mist) he appears as a colossal shadowy figure composed of dark clouds. Gaia gebar Typhon mit Tartaros, weil sie Rache für ihre Kinder, den Titanen und den Giganten, wollte, da diese beide gegen die Olympier verloren hatten. [3], Numerous other sources mention Typhon as being the offspring of Gaia, or simply "earth-born", with no mention of Tartarus. [29], Following Hesiod and others, Nonnus gives Typhon many heads (though untotaled), but in addition to snake heads,[30] Nonnus also gives Typhon many other animal heads, including leopards, lions, bulls, boars, bears, cattle, wolves, and dogs, which combine to make 'the cries of all wild beasts together',[31] and a "babel of screaming sounds". As for Typhon being a bane to mortals, Gantz, p. 49, remarks on the strangeness of such a description for one who would challenge the gods. Jener war des Osiris und der Isis feindseliger Bruder, welcher den ersten tödtete, dieser ein Sohn des Tartarus und der Gäa, hochragend über die hohen Berge, und bis zu den Sternen reichend. [116], Alternatively, according to Strabo, some placed the Arimoi at Catacecaumene,[117] while Xanthus of Lydia (5th century BC) added that "a certain Arimus" ruled there. "[100], In addition to Typhon, other mythological beings were also said to be buried under Mount Etna and the cause of its volcanic activity. Typhon , also Typhoeus (/taɪˈfiːəs/; Τυφωεύς), Typhaon (Τυφάων) or Typhos (Τυφώς), was a monstrous serpentine giant and one of the deadliest creatures in Greek mythology. Seeing this, the gods transformed into animals and fled to Egypt (as in Pindar and Nicander). [148] Like Zeus, Marduk was a storm-god, who employed wind and lightning as weapons, and who, before he can succeed to the kingship of the gods, must defeat a huge and fearsome enemy in single combat. Sehr ähnlich in Aussprache und Bedeutung ist das chinesische .mw-parser-output .Bopo{font-size:110%}颱風 tái fēng „Taifun“, wobei dieses Wort wahrscheinlich auf den Min-Ausdruck 風篩 fēng shāi „siebartiger Wind“ zurückgeht. He was the most powerful of all the Titans. Im Vertrauen auf seine nur scheinbar wiedergewonnene Kraft trat er Zeus auf dem thrakischen Berg Haimos entgegen und warf riesige Steine auf diesen, der mit Blitz und Donner antwortete und Typhon übel zurichtete. Great Olympus reeled beneath the divine feet of the king as he arose and earth groaned thereat. [101] Also said to be buried under Etna were the Hundred-hander Briareus,[102] and Asteropus who was perhaps one of the Cyclopes. "[91] Gaia tries to aid her burnt and frozen son. Again the storm-god is aided by a goddess Sauska (equivalent to Inaru), who this time seduces the monster with music (as in Nonnus), drink, and sex, successfully luring the serpent from his lair in the sea. See also Fontenrose, The Arabic Contributions to the English Language: An Historical Dictionary by Garland Hampton Cannon and Alan S. Kaye considers typhoon "a special case, transmitted by Cantonese, from Arabic, but ultimately deriving from Greek. Seitdem ist Typhon unter dem Ätna gefangen. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Typhon_(Mythologie)&oldid=205628876, Mythologisches Wesen als Namensgeber für einen Asteroiden, Wikipedia:VIAF in Wikipedia vorhanden, fehlt jedoch in Wikidata, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Most accounts have the defeated Typhon buried under either Mount Etna in Sicily, or the volcanic island of Ischia, the largest of the Phlegraean Islands off the coast of Naples, with Typhon being the cause of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. Typhon (griechisch Τυφῶν Typhón, auch Τυφωεύς Typhoeus, Τυφάων Typhaon) ist als Sohn der Gaia und des Tartaros eine Gestalt der griechischen Mythologie. [125] Consistent with Hesiod's making storm winds Typhon's offspring, some have supposed that Typhon was originally a wind-god, and ancient sources associated him with the Greek words tuphon, tuphos meaning "whirlwind". Nonnus makes numerous references to Typhon's serpentine nature,[22] giving him a "tangled army of snakes",[23] snaky feet,[24] and hair. Typhon attempts to destroy Zeus at the will of Gaia, because Zeus had imprisoned the Titans. The first certain references to Typhon buried under Etna, as well as being the cause of its eruptions, occur in Pindar: Son of Cronus, you who hold Aetna, the wind-swept weight on terrible hundred-headed Typhon,[95], among them is he who lies in dread Tartarus, that enemy of the gods, Typhon with his hundred heads. But smoke rising from the thunderbolts, enables Typhon, under the guidance of Gaia, to locate Zeus's weapons, steal them, and hide them in another cave. Even so, then, the earth melted in the glow of the blazing fire.[94]. But Typhon, twining his snaky coils around Zeus, was able to wrest away the sickle and cut the sinews from Zeus' hands and feet. Bevor Typhon besiegt wurde, zeugte er mit seiner Gemahlin Echidna mehrere Ungeheuer: den dreiköpfigen Kerberos, der als Höllenhund den Eingang zum Hades bewacht, den zweiköpfigen Orthos, die Sphinx, die Chimära, die Hydra und den Adler Aithon. As far as the thighs he was of human shape and of such prodigious bulk that he out-topped all the mountains, and his head often brushed the stars. Typhon (Ancient Greek: Τυφῶν, Tuphōn), also Typhoeus Τυφωεύς, Tuphōeus), Typhaon Τυφάων, Tuphaōn) or Typhos (Τυφώς, Tuphōs) is the final son of Gaia, fathered by Tartarus, and is the most deadly monster of Greek mythology. Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte Diskussion (0) Teilen. [18] A Chalcidian hydria (c. 540–530 BC), depicts Typhon as a winged humanoid from the waist up, with two snake tails below. [14], The Homeric Hymn to Apollo describes Typhon as "fell" and "cruel", and like neither gods nor men. Dies steht in Verbindung zum griechischen τύφειν týphein („rauchen“), von dem sich das Wort τυφῶν typhṓn wahrscheinlich ableitet, ebenso wie das persische .mw-parser-output .Arab a,.mw-parser-output a bdi.Arab{text-decoration:none!important}.mw-parser-output .Arab{font-size:120%}طوفان Tufân („Sturm“). named ‘Expeller’ and ‘Chaser’, which fly like eagles from the storm-god's hands. Like Hesiod's Typhon, Anzu roared like a lion,[146] and was the source of destructive storm winds. Typhon's story seems related to that of another monstrous offspring of Gaia: Python, the serpent killed by Apollo at Delphi,[133] suggesting a possible common origin. Typhon's name has a number of variants. [144] Like Typhon, Asag was a monstrous hissing offspring of Earth (Ki), who grew mighty and challenged the rule of Ninurta, who like Zeus, was a storm-god employing winds and floods as weapons. Typhon was a colossal beast with the head and torso of a man and a hundred dragon heads or a hundred serpent heads. Typhon (mythology) has appeared in the following books: Creatures of Light and Darkness and Theogony For an extensive discussion of the similarities, see Fontenrose. [152], From the south side of the Jebel Aqra, comes the tale of Baal Sapon, and Yamm, the deified Sea (like Tiamat above). Seth ist ein Wüstengott und wird mit den Stürmen und Unwettern in Verbindung gebracht, weshalb er als Gott des Chaos und des Verderbens gilt. [4] However, according to the Homeric Hymn to Apollo (6th century BC), Typhon was the child of Hera alone. According to Strabo, Typhon was said to have cut the serpentine channel of the Orontes River, which flowed beneath the Syrian Mount Kasios (modern Jebel Aqra), while fleeing from Zeus,[69] and some placed the battle at Catacecaumene ("Burnt Land"),[70] a volcanic plain, on the upper Gediz River, between the ancient kingdoms of Lydia, Mysia and Phrygia, near Mount Tmolus (modern Bozdağ) and Sardis the ancient capital of Lydia.[71]. He is known by many names – Typhon, Typhaon, Typheous, Typhos and Typho – but whatever name you use to describe him he was the most horrifying and fearsome beast of all. According to Apollodorus, Typhon, "hurling kindled rocks", attacked the gods, "with hissings and shouts, spouting a great jet of fire from his mouth." [162], Typhon bears a close resemblance to an older generation of descendants of Gaia, the Giants. [124] The later forms Typhos and Typhon occur from the 5th century BC onwards, with Typhon becoming the standard form by the end of that century. [59] Pindar apparently knew of a tradition which had the gods, in order to escape from Typhon, transform themselves into animals, and flee to Egypt. Die späthellenistischen Griechen setzten Typhon mit dem ägyptischen Gott Seth, dem Gott des Chaos und der Vernichtung, gleich. [86], With Typhon distracted, Zeus takes back his thunderbolts. Typhon was a large serpentine monster that belonged to the deadliest animals that existed in that time in Greek mythology. According to Hesiod, Typhon was the son of Gaia and Tartarus. Gaia vereinte sich mit dem Tartaros, um sich für die Niederlage ihrer Kinder, der Titanenund Giganten, an Zeuszu rächen. For other uses, see. Though several possible derivations of the name Typhon have been suggested, the derivation remains uncertain. [2] The mythographer Apollodorus (1st or 2nd century AD) adds that Gaia bore Typhon in anger at the gods for their destruction of her offspring the Giants. Many of the Olympian gods were afraid of Typhon after this, and so they changed into their animal form. Homer uses Typhoeus,[123] Hesiod and the Homeric Hymn to Apollo use both Typhoeus and Typhaon. [34], According to Hesiod's Theogony, Typhon "was joined in love" to Echidna, a monstrous half-woman and half-snake, who bore Typhon "fierce offspring". Typhon is attacked by the four winds, and "frozen volleys of jagged hailstones. Und dort wurde Zeus nun auch versteckt. [75], The longest and most involved version of the battle appears in Nonnus's Dionysiaca (late 4th or early 5th century AD). Mit diesen Köpfen konnte Typhon die Sprache der Götter und vieler Tiere sprechen, aber auch Feuer und Rauch ausstoßen. [166], While distinct in early accounts, in later accounts Typhon was often considered to be one of the Giants. [103], Typhon's final resting place was apparently also said to be in Boeotia. [112] The b scholia to Iliad 2.783, mentioned above, says Typhon was born in Cilicia "under Arimon",[113] and Nonnus mentions Typhon's "bloodstained cave of Arima" in Cilicia. [68], The geographer Strabo (c. 20 AD) gives several locations which were associated with the battle. Sie gebar Typhon als Rache an den Göttern. 156, 159, 163; West 1997, pp. Nun will Hera es ihm gleichtun und ohne Zeus’ Beteiligung ein Schrecken erregendes und dadurch auch im Olymp Respekt erzwingendes Geschöpf aus sich gebären. And the pillar of the sky holds him down, snow-covered Aetna, year-round nurse of bitter frost, from whose inmost caves belch forth the purest streams of unapproachable fire. "[80], Now Zeus' sinews had somehow – Nonnus does not say how or when — fallen to the ground during their battle, and Typhon had taken them also. [76] Zeus hides his thunderbolts in a cave, so that he might seduce the maiden Plouto, and so produce Tantalus. "[65], According to Pherecydes of Athens, during his battle with Zeus, Typhon first flees to the Caucasus, which begins to burn, then to the volcanic island of Pithecussae (modern Ischia), off the coast of Cumae, where he is buried under the island. Typhon challenged Zeus for rule of the cosmos. Other descriptions claim that his searing eyes produced scorching fire while lava poured from his lips. [25] According to Nonnus, Typhon was a "poison-spitting viper",[26] whose "every hair belched viper-poison",[27] and Typhon "spat out showers of poison from his throat; the mountain torrents were swollen, as the monster showered fountains from the viperish bristles of his high head",[28] and "the water-snakes of the monster's viperish feet crawl into the caverns underground, spitting poison!". [...] The Chinese applied the [Greek] concept to a rather different wind [...]". However, one source has Typhon as the son of Hera alone, while another makes Typhon the offspring of Cronus. These are the battles of the god Ninurta with the monsters Asag and Anzu, and the god Marduk's battle with the monstrous Tiamat. Other tablets associate the defeat of the snaky Yamm with the slaying of a seven headed serpent ‘’Ltn’’ (Litan/Lotan), apparently corresponding to the biblical Leviathan.[153].